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New Testament Greek
Course III
 
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  Assignment 1  
  Vocabulary  
 
  • For this course, you need to have a lexicon. Each lesson will have new vocabulary, but you will rely on a lexicon to learn these words.

  •  
      Homework  
     
    • As a review of material covered in the first two courses, translate the following passages to English.
       
      1. οὗτος ἔσται μέγας καὶ υἱὸς ὑψίστου κληθήσεται, καὶ δώσει αὐτῷ κύριος ὁ θεὸς τὸν θρόνον Δαυὶδ τοῦ πατρὸς αὐτοῦ, καὶ βασιλεύσει ἐπὶ τὸν οἶκον Ἰακὼβ εἰς τοὺς αἰῶνας, καὶ τῆς βασιλείας αὐτοῦ οὐκ ἔσται τέλος. εἶπεν δὲ Μαριὰμ πρὸς τὸν ἄγγελον, Πῶς ἔσται τοῦτο, ἐπεὶ ἄνδρα οὐ γινώσκω;  Lk. 1:32-34

      2. Πάντες γὰρ υἱοὶ θεοῦ ἐστε διὰ τῆς πίστεως ἐν Χριστῷ Ἰησοῦ.  ὅσοι γὰρ εἰς Χριστὸν ἐβαπτίσθητε, Χριστὸν ἐνεδύσασθε·  Gal. 3:26-27


    • For each of the following passages, answer any questions and then translate into English.

      1. μακάριοι οἱ ὀφθαλμοὶ οἱ βλέποντες ἃ βλέπετε  Lk. 10:23
         
        1. Which word is a participle?
        2. What is its gender, case and number?
        3. Is it in the attributive position?
        4. Translate this into English.
           
      2. ὁ γὰρ λαλῶν γλώσσῃ οὐκ ἀνθρώποις λαλεῖ ἀλλὰ θεῷ, οὐδεὶς γὰρ ἀκούει, πνεύματι δὲ λαλεῖ μυστήρια· ὁ δὲ προφητεύων ἀνθρώποις λαλεῖ οἰκοδομὴν καὶ παράκλησιν καὶ παραμυθίαν. ὁ λαλῶν γλώσσῃ ἑαυτὸν οἰκοδομεῖ· ὁ δὲ προφητεύων ἐκκλησίαν οἰκοδομεῖ.  1 Cor. 14:2-4
         
      3. καταισχύνετε τοὺς μὴ ἔχοντας;  1 Cor. 11:22
         

      4. ὁ γὰρ ἐσθίων καὶ πίνων κρίμα ἑαυτῷ ἐσθίει καὶ πίνει μὴ διακρίνων τὸ σῶμα.  1 Cor. 11:29
         

      5. καὶ ὑπέστρεψαν οἱ ποιμένες δοξάζοντες καὶ αἰνοῦντες τὸν θεὸν ἐπὶ πᾶσιν οἷς ἤκουσαν καὶ εἶδον καθὼς ἐλαλήθη πρὸς αὐτούς.  Lk. 2:20
        1. There are two participles in this sentence. What are they?
        2. Identify the gender, case and number of the first.
        3. Identify the gender, case and number of the second. Notice that the second is a contract verb with stem ending in -ε (uncontracted lexical form ending in -εω) and the rules of contraction will be relevant.
        4. Translate this sentence treating both participles as adverbials, modifying the verb ὑπέστρεψαν.
           
      6. ὑπέστρεψαν εἰς Ἰερουσαλὴμ ἀναζητοῦντες αὐτόν. καὶ ἐγένετο μετὰ ἡμέρας τρεῖς εὗρον αὐτον ἐν τῷ ἱερῷ καθεζόμενον ἐν μέσῳ τῶν διδασκάλων καὶ ἀκούοντα αὐτῶν καὶ ἐπερωτῶντα αὐτούς.  Lk. 2:45

        1. There are four participles in this sentence. What are they?
        2. Why is the first participle nominative and plural?
        3. The second is middle in voice. Identify its gender, case, and number.
        4. With what noun or pronoun does the second participle agree?
        5. Identify the gender, case and number of the third participle.
        6. With what noun or pronoun does the third participle agree?
        7. Identify the gender, case and number of the fourth participle.  Notice that it is a contract verb with stem ending in -α (uncontracted lexical form ending in -αω) and the rules of contraction will be relevant.
        8. Translate this sentence.

      7. καὶ ἦλθεν εἰς πᾶσαν τὴν περίχωρον τοῦ Ἰορδάνου κηρύσσων βάπτισμα μετανοίας εἰς ἄφεσιν ἁμαρτιῶν, ὡς γέγραπται ἐν βίβλῳ λόγων Ἠσαΐου τοῦ προφήτου, Φωνὴ βοῶντος ἐν τῇ ἐρήμῳ  Lk 3:3-4a
         
      8. Ἰησοῦς δὲ πλήρης πνεύματος ἁγίου ὑπέστρεψεν ἀπὸ τοῦ Ἰορδάνου, καὶ ἤγετο ἐν τῷ πνεύματι ἐν τῇ ἐρήμῳ ἡμέρας τεσσαράκοντα πειραζόμενος ὑπὸ τοῦ διαβόλου. καὶ οὐκ ἔφαγεν οὐδὲν ἐν ταῖς ἡμέραις ἐκείναις  Lk 4:1-2 [Notice the double negative in the last part of the foregoing;  οὐκ . . . οὐδὲν is not bad grammar, nor is it equivalent to a positive. οὐκ ἔφαγεν οὐδὲν is "he ate nothing" or "he did not eat anything."]

      9. Καὶ ἐξῆλθον οἱ Φαρισαῖοι . . . ζητοῦντες παρ αὐτοῦ σημεῖον ἀπὸ τοῦ οὐρανοῦ, πειράζοντες αὐτόν. (adapted from Mark 8:11 - the syntax has been modified by the ellipsis.)

      10. ἀνεῴχθη δὲ τὸ στόμα αὐτοῦ παραχρῆμα καὶ ἡ γλῶσσα αὐτοῦ, καὶ ἐλάλει εὐλογῶν τὸν θεόν. καὶ ἐγένετο ἐπὶ πάντας φόβος τοὺς περιοικοῦντας αὐτούς, καὶ ἐν ὅλῃ τῇ ὀρεινῇ τῆς Ἰουδαίας διελαλεῖτο πάντα τὰ ῥήματα ταῦτα   Lk 1:64-65
         
      11. ἤκουον εἷς ἕκαστος τῇ ἰδίᾳ διαλέκτῳ λαλούντων αὐτῶν  Ac 2:6b
         

      12. πᾶς ἀνὴρ προσευχόμενος ἢ προφητεύων κατὰ κεφαλῆς ἔχων καταισχύνει τὴν κεφαλὴν αὐτοῦ· πᾶσα δὲ γυνὴ προσευχομένη ἢ προφητεύουσα ἀκατακαλύπτῳ τῇ κεφαλῇ καταισχύνει τὴν κεφαλὴν αὐτῆς·  1 Cor. 11:4-5a
         

      13. καὶ ἐν τῇ συναγωγῇ ἦν ἄνθρωπος ἔχων πνεῦμα δαιμονίου ἀκαθάρτου, καὶ ἀνέκραξεν φωνῇ μεγάλῃ  Lk. 4:33
         

      14. διὸ γνωρίζω ὑμῖν ὅτι οὐδεὶς ἐν πνεύματι θεοῦ λαλῶν λέγει, Ἀνάθεμα Ἰησοῦς. 1 Cor. 12:3a
         

      15. ὁ δὲ αὐτὸς θεὸς ὁ ἐνεργῶν τὰ πάντα ἐν πᾶσιν  1 Cor. 12:6
         

      16. ἀλλὰ ἐπιζητῶ τὸν καρπὸν τὸν πλεονάζοντα εἰς λόγον ὑμῶν  Phil. 4:17b
         

      17. καὶ ἔστησαν δύο, Ἰωσὴφ τὸν καλούμενον βαρσαϐϐᾶν, ὃς ἐπεκλήθη Ἰοῦστος, καὶ Μαθθίαν.  Ac. 1:23
         

      18. μετὰ ταῦτα ἐφανέρωσεν ἑαυτὸν πάλιν ὁ Ἰησοῦς τοῖς μαθηταῖς ἐπὶ τῆς θαλάσσης τῆς τιϐεριάδος; ἐφανέρωσεν δὲ οὕτως. ἦσαν ὁμοῦ Σίμων Πέτρος καὶ θωμᾶς ὁ λεγόμενος Δίδυμος καὶ Ναθαναὴλ ὁ απὸ Κανὰ τῆς Γαλιλαίας καὶ οἱ τοῦ Ζεϐεδαίου καὶ ἄλλοι ἐκ τῶν μαθητῶν αὐτοῦ δύο.  Jn. 21:1-2
         

      19. καὶ ἐγένετο φόϐος μέγας ἐφ' ὅλην τὴν ἐκκλησίαν καὶ ἐπὶ πάντας τοὺς ἀκούοντας ταῦτα  Ac 5:11
         

      20. οὐ πᾶς ὁ λέγων μοι, κύριε κύριε, εἰσελεύσεται εἰς τὴν βασιλείαν τῶν οὐρανῶν, ἀλλ' ὁ ποιῶν τὸ θέλημα τοῦ πατρός μου τοῦ ἐν τοῖς οὐρανοῖς. Mt. 7:21
         

      21. Βλέπω τοὺς ἀνθρώπους, ὅτι ὡς δένδρα ὁρῶ περιπατοῦντας.  Mk. 8:24b
         

      22. ὅταν καθίσῃ ὁ υἱὸς τοῦ ἀνθρώπου ἐπὶ θρόνου δόξης αὐτοῦ, καθήσεσθε καὶ ὑμεῖς ἐπὶ δώδεκα θρόνους κρίνοντες τὰς δώδεκα φυλὰς τοῦ Ἰσραήλ. Mt 19:28b
         

      23. ὁ ἔχων τὴν νύμφην νυμφίος ἐστίν· Jn. 3:29
         

      24. οὗτος ἤκουσεν τοῦ Παύλου λαλοῦντος Ac. 14:9
         

      25. ἐϐλασφήμησαν τὸ ὄνομα τοῦ θεοῦ τοῦ ἔχοντος τὴν ἐξουσίαν ἐπὶ τὰς πληγὰς ταύτας  Rev. 16:9b 


     
      Chapter Quiz  
     

    After you have received your corrected homework, take the following quiz. Your answers will be scored and the result will be e-mailed to you with explanations where you have incorrect answers.


    SECTION A-- Agreement: Identify the substantive modified by the participle (the subject of the participle)

    1. καὶ ἐν τῇ συναγωγῇ ἦν ἄνθρωπος ἔχων πνεῦμα δαιμονίου ἀκαθάρτου

      A. συναγωγῇ
      B. ἄνθρωπος
      C. πνεῦμα
      D. δαιμονίου


    2. Ἰησοῦς δὲ πλήρης πνεύματος ἁγίου ὑπέστρεψεν ἀπὸ τοῦ Ἰορδάνου, καὶ ἤγετο ἐν τῷ πνεύματι ἐν τῇ ἐρήμῳ ἡμέρας τεσσαράκοντα πειραζόμενος ὑπὸ τοῦ διαβόλου

      A. Ἰησοῦς
      B. πνεύματος
      C. Ἰορδάνου
      D. πνεύματι


    3. ἐϐλασφήμησαν τὸ ὄνομα τοῦ θεοῦ τοῦ ἔχοντος τὴν ἐξουσίαν ἐπὶ τὰς πληγὰς ταύτας

      A. ὄνομα
      B. θεοῦ
      C. ἐξουσίαν  
      D. πληγὰς

    4. ὁ δὲ αὐτὸς θεὸς ὁ ἐνεργῶν τὰ πάντα ἐν πᾶσιν

      A. θες
      B. πάντα
      C. πᾶσιν

    5. ἤκουον εἷς ἕκαστος τῇ ἰδίᾳ διαλέκτῳ λαλούντων αὐτῶν

      A. εἷς
      B. ἕκαστος
      C. αὐτῶν

    6. καὶ ἀπέστειλεν αὐτὸν εἰς οἶκον αὐτοῦ λέγων, Μηδὲ εἰς τὴν κώμην εἰσέλθῃς.

      A. the implied subject of ἀπέστειλεν
      B. the antecedent of αὐτὸν
      C. οἶκον

    SECTION B -- Identify the simple object of the participle

    1. καὶ ἐν τῇ συναγωγῇ ἦν ἄνθρωπος ἔχων πνεῦμα δαιμονίου ἀκαθάρτου

      A. συναγωγῇ  
      B. ἄνθρωπος
      C. πνεῦμα

    2. ἐϐλασφήμησαν τὸ ὄνομα τοῦ θεοῦ τοῦ ἔχοντος τὴν ἐξουσίαν ἐπὶ τὰς πληγὰς ταύτας

      A. ὄνομα
      B. θεοῦ
      C. ἐξουσίαν  
      D. πληγάς

    3. ὁ δὲ αὐτὸς θεὸς ὁ ἐνεργῶν τὰ πάντα ἐν πᾶσιν

      A. θες
      B. πάντα
      C. The participle has no object
       
    4. καὶ ἀπέστειλεν αὐτὸν εἰς οἶκον αὐτοῦ λέγων, Μηδὲ εἰς τὴν κώμην εἰσέλθῃς.

      A. αὐτόν
      B. αὐτοῦ
      C. The whole phrase, Μηδὲ εἰς τὴν κώμην εἰσέλθῃς
       
    5. ὅταν καθίσῃ ὁ υἱὸς τοῦ ἀνθρώπου ἐπὶ θρόνου δόξης αὐτοῦ, καθήσεσθε καὶ ὑμεῖς ἐπὶ δώδεκα θρόνους κρίνοντες τὰς δώδεκα φυλὰς τοῦ Ἰσραήλ.

      A. ὑμεῖς
      B. θρόνους
      C. φυλς
      D. Ἰσραήλ



    SECTION C -- Attributive Position: For each sentence, indicate whether or not there is a participle in the attributive position.

    1. μακάριοι οἱ ὀφθαλμοὶ οἱ βλέποντες ἃ βλέπετε.

      Yes, there is a participle in the attributive position
      No, there is not a participle in the attributive position

    2. καὶ ἐγένετο μετὰ ἡμέρας τρεῖς εὗρον αὐτον ἐν τῷ ἱερῷ καθεζόμενον ἐν μέσῳ τῶν διδασκάλων καὶ ἀκούοντα αὐτῶν καὶ ἐπερωτῶντα αὐτούς.

      Yes, there is a participle in the attributive position
      No, there is not a participle in the attributive position


    3. Ἰησοῦς δὲ πλήρης πνεύματος ἁγίου ὑπέστρεψεν ἀπὸ τοῦ Ἰορδάνου, καὶ ἤγετο ἐν τῷ πνεύματι ἐν τῇ ἐρήμῳ ἡμέρας τεσσαράκοντα πειραζόμενος ὑπὸ τοῦ διαβόλου.

      Yes, there is a participle in the attributive position
      No, there is not a participle in the attributive position

       
    4. ὁ δὲ αὐτὸς θεὸς ὁ ἐνεργῶν τὰ πάντα ἐν πᾶσιν

      Yes, there is a participle in the attributive position
      No, there is not a participle in the attributive position

       
    5. ἀλλὰ ἐπιζητῶ τὸν καρπὸν τὸν πλεονάζοντα εἰς λόγον ὑμῶν

      Yes, there is a participle in the attributive position
      No, there is not a participle in the attributive position

       
    6. ἐϐλασφήμησαν τὸ ὄνομα τοῦ θεοῦ τοῦ ἔχοντος τὴν ἐξουσίαν ἐπὶ τὰς πληγὰς ταύτας

      Yes, there is a participle in the attributive position
      No, there is not a participle in the attributive position

    SECTION D -- True/False

    ὑπέστρεψαν εἰς Ἰερουσαλὴμ ἀναζητοῦντες αὐτόν.
    1. T F The participle in the sentence above is used as a substantive.
       
    2. T F The participle in the sentence above is used adverbally.
       
    3. T F The subject of the participle in the sentence above is the implicit subject of ὑπέστρεψαν.
       
    4. T F The object of the participle in the sentence above is Ἰερουσαλήμ.
       

    ἀνεῴχθη δὲ τὸ στόμα αὐτοῦ παραχρῆμα καὶ ἡ γλῶσσα αὐτοῦ, καὶ ἐλάλει εὐλογῶν τὸν θεόν.

    1. T F The participle in the sentence above is used as a substantive.
       
    2. T F The participle in the sentence above is used adverbally.
       

    καὶ ἀπέστειλεν αὐτὸν εἰς οἶκον αὐτοῦ λέγων, Μηδὲ εἰς τὴν κώμην εἰσέλθῃς.

    1. T F The participle in the sentence above is used as a substantive.
       
    2. T F The participle in the sentence above is used adverbally.


    καταισχύνετε τοὺς μὴ ἔχοντας

    1. T F The participle in the sentence above is used as a substantive.
       

    ὁ ἔχων τὴν νύμφην νυμφίος ἐστίν·

    1. T F The participle in the sentence above is used as a substantive.
       
    2. T F The participle in the sentence above is used adverbally.

    SECTION E -- Your Name & E-mail address

    Your name:

    Your email:


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