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New Testament Greek
Course III
 
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  Assignment 2  
  Vocabulary  
 
  • You will encounter the word ἰδοὺ several times in the homework for this lesson. When we get to the imperative mood, we'll explain this term, but for now, simply translate it as the exclamation "behold."

  •  
      Homework  
     
    • Translate the following passages, each of which includes a genitive absolute construction.
       
      1. καὶ ἔτι αὐτοῦ λαλοῦντος ἰδοὺ Ἰούδας εἷς τῶν δώδεκα ἦλθεν καὶ μετ αὐτοῦ ὄχλος πολὺς μετὰ μαχαιρῶν καὶ ξύλων ἀπὸ τῶν ἀρχιερέων καὶ πρεσβυτέρων τοῦ λαοῦ. Mt. 26:47

        1. What case is λαλοῦντος ?
        2. What word serves as the subject of λαλοῦντος?
        3. Translate the passage.
           
      2. ἐπ ἀληθείας καὶ οὗτος μετ αὐτοῦ ἦν, καὶ γὰρ Γαλιλαῖός ἐστιν·  εἶπεν δὲ ὁ Πέτρος, Ἄνθρωπε, οὐκ οἶδα ὃ λέγεις. καὶ παραχρῆμα ἔτι λαλοῦντος αὐτοῦ ἐφώνησεν ἀλέκτωρ. Lk. 22:60
         

      3. οὔσης οὖν ὀψίας τῇ ἡμέρᾳ ἐκείνῃ τῇ μιᾷ σαϐϐάτων καὶ τῶν θυρῶν κεκλεισμένων ὅπου ἦσαν μαθηταὶ διὰ τὸν φόϐον τῶν Ἰουδαίων, ἦλθεν ὁ Ἰησοῦς καὶ ἔστη εἰς τὸ μέσον καὶ λέγει αὐτοῖς, εἰρήνη ὑμῖν.  Jn. 20:19

      4. ἔτι λαλοῦντος τοῦ Πέτρου τὰ ῥήματα ταῦτα ἐπέπεσεν τὸ πνεῦμα τὸ ἅγιον ἐπὶ πάντας τοὺς ἀκούοντας τὸν λόγον.  Ac. 10:45
         

      5. ἀπερχομένων δὲ αὐτῶν ἀγοράσαι ἦλθεν ὁ νυμφίος, καὶ αἱ ἕτοιμοι εἰσῆλθον μετ αὐτοῦ εἰς τοὺς γάμους, καὶ ἐκλείσθη ἡ θύρα.  Mt. 25:10

       

    • Translate the following passages, each of which includes a periphrastic construction.

      1. ἦσαν δὲ εἰς Ἰερουσαλὴμ κατοικοῦντες Ἰουδαῖοι  Ac. 2:5a
         

      2. καὶ ἦν κηρύσσων εἰς τὰς συναγωγὰς τῆς Ἰουδαίας. Lk. 4:44
         

      3. Καὶ ἦν ὁ λαὸς προσδοκῶν τὸν Ζαχαρίαν  Lk. 1:21
         

      4. τότε παραδώσουσιν ὑμᾶς εἰς θλῖψιν καὶ ἀποκτενοῦσιν ὑμᾶς, καὶ ἔσεσθε μισούμενοι ὑπὸ πάντων τῶν ἐθνῶν διὰ τὸ ὄνομά μου. Mt. 24:9
         

      5. καὶ διὰ παντὸς νυκτὸς καὶ ἡμέρας ἐν τοῖς μνήμασιν καὶ ἐν τοῖς ὄρεσιν ἦν κράζων καὶ κατακόπτων ἑαυτὸν λίθοις.  Mk. 5:5
         

      6. Ἰδοὺ ἡ παρθένος ἐν γαστρὶ ἕξει καὶ τέξεται υἱόν, καὶ καλέσουσιν τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ Ἐμμανουήλ, ὅ ἐστιν μεθερμηνευόμενον Μεθ ἡμῶν ὁ θεός. Mt. 1:23

    • The following includes neither a genitive absolute nor a periphrastic construction: ἡμεῖς δὲ ἡμέρας ὄντες νήφωμεν. 1 Thess. 5:8

      1. What case is ὄντες?
         
      2. With what noun or pronoun does it agree?
         
      3. νήφωμεν is from νήφω. What explains the lengthened connecting vowel in νήφωμεν?
         
      4. Consider translating νήφωμεν as a hortatory subjunctive, and translate the sentence.
     
      Chapter Quiz  
     

    After you have received your corrected homework, take the following quiz. Your answers will be scored and the result will be e-mailed to you with explanations where you have incorrect answers.


    SECTION A-- Genitive Absolute

    For questions 1-5:  ἔτι λαλοῦντος τοῦ Πέτρου τὰ ῥήματα ταῦτα ἐπέπεσεν τὸ πνεῦμα τὸ ἅγιον ἐπὶ πάντας τοὺς ἀκούοντας τὸν λόγον.
    1. What case and number is λαλοῦντος?

      A. nominative singular
      B. genitive singular.
      C. genitive plural


    2. What is the subject of λαλοῦντος?

      A. Πέτρου
      B. ῥήματα
      C. πνεῦμα


    3. What is the main verb in the main clause of the sentence?

      A. λαλοῦντος
      B. ἐπέπεσεν
      C. ἀκούοντας


    4. What is the subject of the verb in the main clause of the second sentence?

      A. Πέτρου
      B. ῥήματα
      C. πνεῦμα

    5. Which of the following is an example of a genitive absolute clause?

      A. ἔτι λαλοῦντος τοῦ Πέτρου τὰ ῥήματα ταῦτα
      B. ἐπέπεσεν τὸ πνεῦμα τὸ ἅγιον
      C. ἀκούοντας τὸν λόγον
     

    SECTION B -- Periphrasis

    For questions 1-5:  Καὶ ἐγένετο ὅτε ἐτέλεσεν ὁ Ἰησοῦς τοὺς λόγους τούτους ἐξεπλήσσοντο οἱ ὄχλοι ἐπὶ τῇ διδαχῇ αὐτοῦ· ἦν γὰρ διδάσκων αὐτοὺς ὡς ἐξουσίαν ἔχων καὶ οὐχ ὡς οἱ γραμματεῖς αὐτῶν.
     
    1. How many participles are there in this passage?

      A. 1
      B. 2
      C. 3
       
    2. The participle that is part of a periphrastic construction is which one of these?

      A. 1st
      B. 2nd
      C. 3rd
       
    3. The participle that is part of a periphrastic construction is...

      A. present active, masculine nominative singular
      B. imperfect active, masculine nominative singular
      C. imperfect passive, masculine nominative plural
       
    4. The other verb that is used with the participle in the periphrastic construction is...

      A. imperfect active indicative, 1st person singular
      B. present active indicative, 1st person singular  
      C. imperfect active indicative, 3rd person singular
       
    5. This construction is an example of a...

      A. Present Periphrastic tense
      B. Imperfect Periphrastic tense
      C. Perfect Periphrastic tense


    For questions 6-10:  παραδώσει δὲ ἀδελφὸς ἀδελφὸν εἰς θάνατον καὶ πατὴρ τέκνον, καὶ ἐπαναστήσονται τέκνα ἐπὶ γονεῖς καὶ θανατώσουσιν αὐτούς. καὶ ἔσεσθε μισούμενοι ὑπὸ πάντων διὰ τὸ ὄνομά μου·
     

    1. How many participles are there in this passage?

      A. 1
      B. 2
      C. 3
       
    2. Which of the following is part of a periphrastic construction?

      A. ἐπαναστήσονται
      B. θανατώσουσιν
      C. μισούμενοι
      D. πάντων
       
    3. The participle that is part of a periphrastic construction is...

      A. present active, masculine nominative singular
      B. present passive, masculine nominative plural
      C. future middle, masculine accusative plural
      D. future passive, masculine nominative plural
       
    4. The other verb that is used with the participle in the periphrastic construction is...

      A. imperfect, 2nd person plural
      B. present, 3rd person singular  
      C. future, 2nd person plural
       
    5. This construction is an example of a...

      A. Present Periphrastic tense
      B. Imperfect Periphrastic tense
      C. Future Periphrastic tense


    SECTION C -- Your Name & E-mail address

    Your name:

    Your email:


    SEND YOUR COMPLETED QUIZ